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PIC Microcontoller Math Method

Divide 16 bit int by 8 bit int to 8 bit int and remainder


#define bf_carry 3, 0
#define bf_zero 3, 2

#define same 1
#define wreg 0

#define stc bsf bf_carry
#define clc bcf bf_carry

;-[ Div ]--------------------------------------------------------------
; Call w/: Number in f_divhi:f_divlo, divisor in W.
; Returns: Quotient in f_divlo, remainder in f_divhi. W preserved.
;          Carry set if error. Z if divide by zero, NZ if divide overflow.
; Notes:   Works by left shifted subtraction.
;          Size = 29, Speed(w/ call&ret) = 7 cycles if div by zero
;          Speed = 94 minimum, 129 maximum cycles

Div;
    addlw 0          ; w+=0 (to test for div by zero)
    stc              ; set carry in case of error
    btfsc bf_zero    ; if zero
     return          ;   return (error C,Z)

    call DivSkipHiShift
iDivRepeat = 8
while iDivRepeat

    call DivCode

iDivRepeat--
endw

    rlf f_divlo, same ; C << lo << C

    ; If the first subtract didn't underflow, and the carry was shifted
    ; into the quotient, then it will be shifted back off the end by this
    ; last RLF. This will automatically raise carry to indicate an error.
    ; The divide will be accurate to quotients of 9-bits, but past that
    ; the quotient and remainder will be bogus and carry will be set.

    bcf bf_zero  ; NZ (in case of overflow error)
    return       ; we are done!

DivCode
    rlf f_divlo, same    ; C << lo << C
    rlf f_divhi, same    ; C << hi << C
    btfss bf_carry       ; if Carry
     goto DivSkipHiShift ;
    subwf f_divhi, same  ;   hi-=w
    stc                  ;   ignore carry
    return               ;   done
                         ; endif
DivSkipHiShift
    subwf f_divhi, same  ; hi-=w
    btfsc bf_carry       ; if carry set
     return              ;   done
    addwf f_divhi, same  ; hi+=w
    clc                  ; clear carry
    return               ; done




Questions:

Very Good logic..I had been searching for a this type of division algorithm for a long time Thanks a Ton :), -Sid +

Comments:

Code:

See also:


file: /Techref/microchip/math/div/16by8lz.htm, 8KB, , updated: 2010/2/24 13:30, local time: 2020/2/20 22:56,
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