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RedrawWindow info  Overview  Group

The RedrawWindow function updates the specified rectangle or region in a window’s client area.

BOOL RedrawWindow(

    HWND hWnd,

// handle of window

    CONST RECT *lprcUpdate,

// address of structure with update rectangle

    HRGN hrgnUpdate,

// handle of update region

    UINT flags 

// array of redraw flags



Identifies the window to be redrawn. If this parameter is NULL, the desktop window is updated.
Points to a RECT structure containing the coordinates of the update rectangle. This parameter is ignored if the hrgnUpdate parameter identifies a region.
Identifies the update region. If both the hrgnUpdate and lprcUpdate parameters are NULL, the entire client area is added to the update region.
Specifies one or more redraw flags. This parameter can be a combination of flags that invalidate or validate a window, control repainting, and control which windows are affected by RedrawWindow.

The following flags are used to invalidate the window:

Flag (invalidation)



Causes the window to receive a WM_ERASEBKGND message when the window is repainted. The RDW_INVALIDATE flag must also be specified; otherwise, RDW_ERASE has no effect.


Causes any part of the nonclient area of the window that intersects the update region to receive a WM_NCPAINT message. The RDW_INVALIDATE flag must also be specified; otherwise, RDW_FRAME has no effect. The WM_NCPAINT message is typically not sent during the execution of RedrawWindow unless either RDW_UPDATENOW or RDW_ERASENOW is specified.


Causes a WM_PAINT message to be posted to the window regardless of whether any portion of the window is invalid.


Invalidates lprcUpdate or hrgnUpdate (only one may be non-NULL). If both are NULL, the entire window is invalidated.

The following flags are used to validate the window:

Flag (validation)



Suppresses any pending WM_ERASEBKGND messages.


Suppresses any pending WM_NCPAINT messages. This flag must be used with RDW_VALIDATE and is typically used with RDW_NOCHILDREN. RDW_NOFRAME should be used with care, as it could cause parts of a window to be painted improperly.


Suppresses any pending internal WM_PAINT messages. This flag does not affect WM_PAINT messages resulting from a non-NULL update area.


Validates lprcUpdate or hrgnUpdate (only one may be non-NULL). If both are NULL, the entire window is validated. This flag does not affect internal WM_PAINT messages.

The following flags control when repainting occurs. RedrawWindow will not repaint unless one of these flags is specified.




Causes the affected windows (as specified by the RDW_ALLCHILDREN and RDW_NOCHILDREN flags) to receive WM_NCPAINT and WM_ERASEBKGND messages, if necessary, before the function returns. WM_PAINT messages are received at the ordinary time.


Causes the affected windows (as specified by the RDW_ALLCHILDREN and RDW_NOCHILDREN flags) to receive WM_NCPAINT, WM_ERASEBKGND, and WM_PAINT messages, if necessary, before the function returns.

By default, the windows affected by RedrawWindow depend on whether the given window has the WS_CLIPCHILDREN style. Child windows that are not the WS_CLIPCHILDREN style are unaffected; non-WS_CLIPCHILDREN windows are recursively validated or invalidated until a WS_CLIPCHILDREN window is encountered. The following flags control which windows are affected by the RedrawWindow function:




Includes child windows, if any, in the repainting operation.


Excludes child windows, if any, from the repainting operation.

Return Values

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.


When RedrawWindow is used to invalidate part of the desktop window, the desktop window does not receive a WM_PAINT message. To repaint the desktop, an application uses the RDW_ERASE flag to generate a WM_ERASEBKGND message.

See Also

GetUpdateRect, GetUpdateRgn, InvalidateRect, InvalidateRgn, RECT, UpdateWindow

file: /Techref/os/win/api/win32/func/src/f72.htm, 8KB, , updated: 2000/4/7 12:19, local time: 2024/5/21 12:31,

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