'Add: Capasitive conduction of keys.'
My test circuit with only one transistor per row:
| | 680ohm
| |\ phi |\
*------| >O--*--| >O-*----> Frequence
| |/ | |/ | output to
| | |-| digital
| BC547B | | | 10K logic.
/--|--\ | |-|
| | | | |
| \|/ | |
| | Collumn
| | R |
The resistor R is not needed if all keys are capasitive. If
they conduct, then it protects against too high current. It
may bee common for all rows. The idea is to use a BC547B as
simple amplifier. It detect low voltage changes on base. It
is immune to low frequence noise because of impedance, and
it only detect if the frequence is in phase or not with phi.
The circuit may use decoders, or multiplexers as inverters
and only be active for short time to minimalize noise from
I have made it to result in lower freqence if keys are
short, to make it possible to use with full conducting keys.
I have not made software to pic's and like to know that it
It may be better to use optocoublers for using in rain.
Jens Dyekjaer Madsen
I forgot to mension that R was zero (not mounted) and that capasity on
input base is high and does that it is more independent to length of
wire on rows. Increase of R may cause problems because of lower
amplification. I think that it is better to use a capacitor on each row
to be sure that no keys realy conduct.
I am very interrested knowing if it exist a version for a PIC.
Jens Dyekjfr Madsen
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